Sustainable Recovery and Resilience Building in the Tsunami Effected Region in SLA program on sustainable recovery and resilience building in the tsunami affected region, coordinated by the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI). The overall objective of the program is to ensure sustainable livelihoods and build the long term resilience of coastal hazards among vulnerable communities.
Integrating Science and Technology Policy Within National Sustainable Development Strategy
Assisting the Government of Sri Lanka in developing and implementing a practical science and technology policy, which is fully integrated within the national sustainable development strategy.
Agriculture & Climate Change
This research study examines the effect of climate change on agriculture in Sri Lanka using the Ricardian method to look at how net revenue varies across climatic zones in Sri Lanka. The Ricardian method accounts for the direct impacts of climate on yields of different crops as well as the indirect substitution of different inputs, introduction of different activities, and other potential adaptations by farmers to different climates. Two separate models were estimated to capture changes in the net revenue of paddy and plantation crops due to climatic changes in 24 districts in the country.
According to the projected changes in rainfall and temperature in 2050, revenues of paddy cultivation decrease very significantly in 2050 -- this negative impact is mainly due to the change in rainfall. In contrast, there will be an overall gain in plantation revenues due to the increase rainfall in the central hill areas. However, the overall impacts on agricultural production and GDP in 2050 are negative.
Integrating Environmental concerns into the I-O Table-2000 of SLMIND is engaged in upgrading the fourteen sector Input Output Table for 2000 of Sri Lanka with the depletion, pollution and environmental degradation of land, water and forests resources, which took place due to the economic activities in the year. The input-output structure in which the outputs of all the economic sectors of the country are divided between inputs into other sectors as intermediate goods and services and final demand, has been identified as a powerful tool for economic modeling since it helps to estimate impacts on the overall economy when there is a change in any sector.